Previously the disciples did not welcome children ( Matthew 19:13), but here they can hardly believe that Jesus would not welcome this man of wealth ( Matthew 19:25). And someone came to Him and said, "Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may obtain eternal life? but he is a noble Jew, who must give a polite address without quite admitting that he is addressing the Messiah. So he lost the joy that he could have had. Jesus replied, “Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, 19 honor your father and mother,” and “love your neighbor as yourself.” 20 “All these I have kept,” the young man said, “What do I still lack?” 21Jesus … Matthew 19:16. â. (17) So He said to him, "Why do you call Me good? Master = Teacher. “There is only One who is good. It is a mistake to conceive of this man as asking what specially good thing he might do in the spirit of the type of Pharisee who was always asking, What is my duty and I will do it? That I may have eternal life.âIn St. Mark (Mark 10:17) and St. Luke (Luke 18:18), and in some of the oldest MSS. Then the Pharisees and Sadducees came, and testing Him asked that He would show them a sign from heaven. Again someone approached Jesus with a question that provided an opportunity for Jesus to give His disciples important teaching (cf. But, on the other hand, a blind confidence in his works hindered him from profiting under Christ, to whom, in other respects, he wished to be submissive. What shall I do to inherit eternal life? They are such as might well come from the brother of one who had sat at Jesusâ feet, drinking in His words (Luke 10:39)âfrom one who, like Nicodemus, looked on Him as a Rabbi, âa Teacherâ sent from God. In the narrative of the supper at Bethany, St. Matthew and St. Mark record the passionate affection which expressed itself in pouring the precious ointment of spikenard upon our Lordâs head as the act of âa womanâ (Matthew 26:7; Mark 14:3), leaving her unnamed. He wished this man in particular to think carefully on what is good, and who, all the more that there were competing types of goodness to choose from, that of the Pharisees, and that exhibited in His own teaching.— . One thought on “ The Rich Young Ruler (Matthew 19:16-22) Commentary ” Songok Gilbert says: September 23, 2016 at 8:49 am. can inform him by what method he can pay for and justly deserve salvation, he is ready to bid for it. Figure of speech Asterismos. He does not simply ask how and by what means he shall reach life, but what good thing he shall do, in order to obtain it. He calculates to do something which will earn heaven. Matthew 19:16-22. He wants to know what work of merit will bring him eternal life. This account is found also in Mark 10:17-31; Luke 18:18-39. Some thoughts on today's scripture. Matthew 19:16-26 (16) Now behold, one came and said to Him, "Good Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life?" Commentary on Matthew 19:16-22 (Read Matthew 19:16-22) Christ knew that covetousness was the sin which most easily beset this young man; though he had got honestly what he possessed, yet he could not cheerfully part with it, and by this his want of sincerity was shown. App-6. It is obvious that the hypothesis, if true, adds immensely to the interest both of the narrative now before us, and to that of the death and resurrection of Lazarus in John 11. Matthew 19:16-22. Behold. 16.And behold, one came — The case of the young man is here brought in to show that he who would be saved must be ready to give up all for Christ in the fullest sense of the words; and that he who cannot do this is deceived in supposing that he has so kept God’s law as to be thereby saved. Greek. The answer to the young ruler, as âOne thing thou lackestâ (as given by St. Mark and St. Luke), is almost identical with that to Martha, âOne thing is needfulâ (Luke 10:42). Would Jesus have loved such a man, or would such a man have left His presence sorrowful?— : an alternative name for the summum bonum in Christ’s teaching, and also in current Jewish speech (WÃ¼nsche, BeitrÃ¤ge). of St. Matthew, âthat I may inherit eternal life.â The question exhibits the highest and noblest phase of Pharisaism. According to Matthew 19:18, Jesus did not refer to any specific commandments until the young man asked, “Which [ones]”? Matthew 16:19 states, "I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." "he inherits the life of the world to come".''. He will accomplish it by some bold stroke of righteousness, some grand supererogation, if he can find out what it is to be. For my own part, after weighing all the circumstances, I have no doubt that, though he is called a young man, he belonged to the class of those who upheld the integrity of the Elders, by a sober and regular life. The conversation that follows shows that he who gives up all for Christ, will be no loser, but an infinite gainer, 27-30. This man was no Sadducee, he believed a future state; was a serious man, thoughtful about another world, and concerned how he should enjoy everlasting life; but was entirely upon a legal bottom, and under a covenant of works; and speaks in the language and strain of the nation of Israel, who were seeking for righteousness and life by the works of the law: he expected eternal life by doing some good thing, or things; and hoped, as the sequel shows, that he had done every good thing necessary to the obtaining it. Commentary on Matthew 11:16-19, 25-30 View Bible Text “Are you the one who is to come, or are we to wait for another?” John’s disciples ask Jesus at the beginning of chapter 11. He believes that it is to be won, as a perpetual inheritance, by some one good deed of exceptional and heroic goodness. Matthew is not arguing about wording, he is conveying an idea. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 19:16-22 Christ knew that covetousness was the sin which most easily beset this young man; though he had got honestly what he possessed, yet he could not cheerfully part with it, and by this his want of sincerity was shown. But he was in error, as honest and earnest seekers may be. Hence the passage must not be wrested in favor of legalism. What good thing, etc. He knows that somehow there is something that keeps him from being able to be described as ‘good’. He came in the spirit of a disciple, or scholar, desiring to be taught a matter of the utmost importance to him - Good teacher. He was, like Nicodemus, âa ruler of the Jewsâ (Luke 18:18), i.e., probably, a member of the Sanhedrin or great Council, like Joseph of ArimathÃ¦a. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, He kneeled, or caught him by the knees, thus evidencing his humility, and addressing himself only to mercy. Now all is "done", and "eternal life is the gift of God" (Romans 6:23. This is probably right. The young man had the idea of true goodness, the goodness which is God’s, in his mind. The two most prominent ones are found in the book of Matthew: Matthew 16:19 and Matthew 12:28, 29. (SchÃ¶ttgen). EXEGESIS: MATTHEW 11:16-19. Living the Questions. But he was not willing for God to be first in his life. And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, NPR delivers breaking national and world news. What good shall I do? And behold, one came, &c. — Many of the poor had followed him from the beginning. The Rich Young Man (Matthew 19:16-30) The Laborers in the Vineyard (Matthew 20:1-16) Servant Leadership (Matthew 20:20-28) Parable of the Two Sons (Matthew 21:28-32) Parable of the Tenants (Matthew 21:33-41) The Great Commandment is a Great Framework (Matthew 22:34-40) Parable of the Faithful Servant (Matthew 24:45-51) Matthew 19:16–30 » View this passage in NIV (Bible Gateway) According to a recent poll] 88% of Catholics and a majority of Presbyterian and Methodist evangelizers [those who actively try to share their “faith"] believe that “if people are generally good, or do enough good … the is omitted in the parallels, but it is implied: of course it was something good that would have to be done in order to obtain eternal life. If this good Master can inform him by what method he can pay for and justly deserve salvation, he is ready to bid for it. When he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do, that I may inherit eternal life? Also top stories from business, politics, health, science, technology, music, arts and culture. The Teacher has left on him the impression of a goodness such as he had seldom, if ever, seen before, and as being therefore able to guide him to the Supreme Good. Matthew 19:15 And he laid his hands on them, and departed thence. Matthew 19:16-26 Introduction. Matthew 19:16.And, lo, one. A CONTRARY GENERATION. What good thing shall I do? He was a ruler (Luke); probably a ruler in a synagogue, or of the great council of the nation; a place to which he was chosen on account of his unblemished character and promising talents. tells us, he went away sorrowful, he seems to have come with sincerity, but without resolution strong enough to leave his worldly goods and possessions. That I may have eternal life.âIn St. Mark (Mark 10:17) and St. Luke (Luke 18:18), and in some of the oldest MSS. In connecting it to the New Covenant terms in Hebrews 8:10, w can see that the writing of the law on the heart is a two-sided affair.Only those who have 1) made the New Covenant with God, and 2) met the terms within the framework of the time that they live, will be given eternal life. Context A man described as rich by all three synoptics, as young by Matthew, and as a ruler by Luke (18:18 ), asks Jesus what he must do to inherit “eternal life.”1 Mark (10:17 ) also ‘And behold, one came to him and said, “Teacher, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?” ’. While Proverbs 8:13 defines what the fear of the Lord is, Proverbs 9:10 shows what it produces.Understanding the effect of the fear of the Lord will help us to understand the cause. The omission of the epithet eliminates from the story the basis for a very important and characteristic element in Christ’s dealing with this inquirer contained in the question: “Why callest thou me good?” which means not “the epithet is not applicable to me, but to God only,” but “do not make ascriptions of goodness a matter of mere courtesy or politeness”. The conversation that follows shows that he who, will be no loser, but an infinite gainer, 27-30. Matthew 16 – Revealing Who Jesus Is and What He Came to Do A. 1. . Active. 16Now a man came to Jesus and asked, “Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?” 17“Why do you ask me about what is good?” Jesus replied. Behold one came. One came - This was a young man, Matthew 19:20. See App-98. What good thing shall I do? And that can surely only have been in order to emphasise that what the young man is really concentrating on is the question as to how he himself can become ‘good’. The giving is a respond to christ. And behold, one came, &c. — Many of the poor had followed him from the beginning. It is like children sitting in the marketplaces, who call to their companions 17 and say, ‘We played the flute for you, and you didn’t dance. - He had attempted to keep all the commandments. behold. What supremely good thing then can he do so as cap off all his efforts and so ensure that he will have eternal life? The words show reverence and, at least, half-belief. Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these sayings, that He departed from Galilee and came to the region of Judea beyond the Jordan. He knew that he lacked something very important in his life (verse 20). Christ has given us riches in different forms, both material n Talents n expects us to always use them for the advancement of His Kingdom. 18.) zue aionios. One came. Exegesis of Matthew 19:16-30 -- The Rich Young Man by Andrew S. Kulikovsky B.App.Sc (Hons) February 27, 1999. Matthew 19:16-25 New International Version (NIV) The Rich and the Kingdom of God. See. The Rich and the Kingdom of God (). But, if we are honest, we all have some things we would be very slow to let go of. Matthew 19:16-22: Mark 10:17-22: Luke 18:19-23: v. 16, “And someone came to Him and said, “Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may obtain eternal life? Â§ 105. Others had called him. — THE RICH YOUNG MAN, Matthew 19:16-22. Only Matthew 19:19 includes the … Try him with any task, and see if he will fail! 16 Just then a man came up to Jesus and asked, “Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?” 17 “Why do you ask me about what is good?” Jesus replied. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 11:16-19, 25-30 . Matthew 19:16. The happiness of heaven is called "life," in opposition to the pains of hell, called "death," or an eternal dying, Revelation 2:2; Revelation 20:14. Read his fascinating brief biography - Henry Alford and Phil Johnson's related comments/p>. 16. Others had called him Lord and Son of David; but he is a noble Jew, who must give a polite address without quite admitting that he is addressing the Messiah. The young man's question to Jesus is "How can I have eternal life?" What good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? In such a case, of course, nothing can be attained beyond conjectural inference, but the present writer must avow his belief that the coincidences in this case are such as to carry the evidence to a very high point of probability. Teacher... what good thing? If you want to enter life, keep the commandments.” (18 “Which ones?” he inquired. It was a natural question for a thoughtful man in those days when the teaching and practice of the religious guides made it the hardest thing possible to know what the good really was. One came - This was a young man, Matthew 19:20. He will accomplish it by some bold stroke of righteousness, some grand supererogation, if he can find out what it is to be. He was, beside this, conspicuously rich, and of high and ardent character. St. Luke (xviii. 22.) The young ruler was obviously a Pharisee, and the language of Martha (John 11:24) shows that she too believed in eternal life and the resurrection of the dead. Warnings against the Sadducees and the Pharisees. The man who came to Jesus was evidently a Jew in good standing and understood what the law required of its followers. And they took Jesus, and led him away. Default. We should note that the dropping of ‘good’ before Teacher would be in accordance with Matthew’s abbreviating tendency. Such a man was likely to accost Jesus courteously as “good Master,” as Mk. This account is found also in Mark 10:17-31; Luke 18:18-39. What if the young ruler were Lazarus himself? Compare Leviticus 18:6. And he knows that he will refuse to do it. Matthew 19:14 But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven. — By this question he manifested, 1st, That he believed in a future state; that there was an eternal life that might be inherited; he was therefore no Sadducee: 2d, that he was concerned to ensure that life to himself, and was more desirous of it than of any of the enjoyments of this life: thus he differed from many of his age and quality; for the rich are apt to think it below them to make such an inquiry as this, and young people in general are inclined to defer making it to some future period of their lives: 3d, that something must be done; some evils omitted, some duties performed, or divine injunctions complied with, in order to it: 4th, that he was, or at least thought he was, willing to do what was to be done, or to take the steps necessary to be taken for the obtaining of this eternal life. A free Bible Version and Commentary on Matthew's Gospel in EasyEnglish. Matthew 19:16. , lo! eternal life); Reuben confessed, and was not ashamed, and what is his end? Consider this story as giving us a lesson concerning the connection between the hope of eternal life, or everlasting happiness, and the performance of good works. One rich man came at last, and came running, with great earnestness, and kneeled to him with great humility and reverence, Mark 10:17, and said, Good Master — Manifesting by the appellation both a submissive and teachable disposition; his persuasion that Christ was a divinely-commissioned teacher, and his affection and peculiar respect to him as such. calls him a prince or lord. His thoughts were about ‘valuable things’ that could not last for ever. In Matthew 19:16, the earliest extant manuscripts say “teacher,” not “good teacher” (as in Mark 10:17 and Luke 18:18). The young man is clearly well aware that only the good can have eternal life (compare Daniel 12:2-3, especially LXX). There is one other case in the first two Gospels which presents similar phenomena. A young man, who was a leader, and rich—ran to Jesus, knelt, and asked this question. The Kingdom of God is the more common in the Synoptics, the other in the fourth Gospel.
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